California Veterans, Rural Residents Most Likely to Keep Guns at Home
Oct 5, 2022
This study will advance knowledge on gun violence related to firearm ownership, storage practices, and perceptions of gun safety, and fill critical data gaps about risk factors for gun suicide and urban gun violence related to understudied and disproportionately impacted subpopulations such as youth/young adults, veterans, immigrants, and LGBT people.
This research is aimed at improving the understanding of socioeconomic, demographic, and environmental risk and protective factors associated with gun ownership, firearm storage practices, and nonfatal suicidal behavior in California by collecting information on firearms via the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS).
This study adds a firearms module in the CHIS 2021 and 2022. The CHIS is the largest population-based state survey in the nation, which annually collects information on 20,000 adults and adolescents representative of the diverse California population. Attached to over 200 questions on sociocultural domains, social determinants of health, mental health, suicide ideation and health status, health access and health behavior, and neighborhood safety and social cohesion, the CHIS will identify intervenable individual, family, and neighborhood factors associated with risk factors for gun homicides and suicides. The data will be made available to researchers and the public through multiple dissemination tools, including policy briefs on gun issues in key population groups: youth and young adults, immigrants, LGBT, and veterans.
Adding firearm questions in the CHIS will establish a strong foundation for future studies on mitigating risk for populations disproportionately burdened by firearm-related deaths. The CHIS's large sample, comprehensive sociocultural content and multilanguage administration will provide insights on the understudied populations of youth and young adults, veterans, LGBT, and immigrant populations.