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Individual, Family, and Community Factors of Gun Violence Affecting California Communities

Overview

This study will advance knowledge on gun violence related to firearm ownership, storage practices, and perceptions of gun safety, and fill critical data gaps about risk factors for gun suicide and urban gun violence related to understudied and disproportionately impacted subpopulations such as youth/young adults, veterans, immigrants, and LGBT people.

Status

Awarded

Purpose

This research is aimed at improving the understanding of socioeconomic, demographic, and environmental risk and protective factors associated with gun ownership, firearm storage practices, and nonfatal suicidal behavior in California by collecting information on firearms via the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS).

Approach

This study adds a firearms module in the CHIS 2021 and 2022. The CHIS is the largest population-based state survey in the nation, which annually collects information on 20,000 adults and adolescents representative of the diverse California population. Attached to over 200 questions on sociocultural domains, social determinants of health, mental health, suicide ideation and health status, health access and health behavior, and neighborhood safety and social cohesion, the CHIS will identify intervenable individual, family, and neighborhood factors associated with risk factors for gun homicides and suicides. The data will be made available to researchers and the public through multiple dissemination tools, including policy briefs on gun issues in key population groups: youth and young adults, immigrants, LGBT, and veterans.

Significance

Adding firearm questions in the CHIS will establish a strong foundation for future studies on mitigating risk for populations disproportionately burdened by firearm-related deaths. The CHIS's large sample, comprehensive sociocultural content and multilanguage administration will provide insights on the understudied populations of youth and young adults, veterans, LGBT, and immigrant populations.

Investigator Bios

  • Ninez Ponce, MPP, PhD is professor in the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health and director of its Center for Health Policy Research. She leads the California Health Interview Survey, the nation's largest state health survey, recognized as a national model for data collection on race/ethnicity, sexual orientation and gender identity and immigrant health. In 2019 Dr. Ponce received the AcademyHealth Impact award for her contributions to population health measurement to inform public policies.
  • Michael A. Rodriguez, MD, MPH is professor and vice chair in the Department of Family Medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, and co-director of the UCLA Firearm Violence Prevention Center. Dr. Rodriguez has been funded as PI or co-PI on violence prevention research grants from NIH, CDC and foundations. He has 28 years of experience working on violence prevention issues including both Latino and Asian native and immigrant communities.
Grant Amount
$596,171
Award Type
Research
Organization
UCLA Center for Health Policy Research
Investigators
Ninez A. Ponce, professor, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health; and Michael A. Rodriguez, professor and vice chair, Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.
Expected Completion Date
Fall 2023
Year Awarded
2020
Focus Areas
Domestic Gun Violence
Gun Suicides
Urban Gun Violence