Grants

July 25, 2019

The Research Advisory Committee (RAC) selected 17 projects to generate evidence for informing gun policy. These projects explore topics including suicide, school violence, officer-involved shootings, and firearm safety, and include 4 dissertation projects.

In addition to providing much-needed evidence on gun policies, the projects will help strengthen the research field by building, expanding, and improving data sets to explore questions related to firearms.

Learn more about the funded research projects below.

Research Awards

Comprehensive Background Check Polices and Firearm Violence: Identifying Effective Design, Implementation, and Enforcement Strategies

This study of comprehensive background check and permit-to-purchase policies will estimate the effectiveness of these policies at reducing firearm crimes, and examine how their design, implementation, and enforcement may change their effectiveness.

Grant Amount: $612,673

Organization: University of California, Davis

Investigator: Rose Kagawa, assistant professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California, Davis

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2022

Read the Project Summary »

“Got the Hammer on Me”: The Socio-Cultural Roots of Gun Use in the United States

This study will interview 750 young people from Baltimore, Detroit, Las Vegas, New Orleans, and New York City to gain a better understanding of why youth in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods get involved with guns.

Grant Amount: $1,670,000

Organization: Center for Court Innovation

Investigators: Elise White, deputy research director, Center for Court Innovation and Yasser Arafat Payne, associate professor, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware.

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2022

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Situational Decision-Making: A Training to Improve Officer Decision-Making in High-Stakes Situations

In partnership with the Chicago Police Department, this project will develop and test a police training program to improve officer decision-making in high-stakes situations for the safety of officers and community members alike.

Grant Amount: $570,240

Organization: University of Chicago

Investigators: Oeindrila Dube, Philip K. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies, University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy; Anuj Shah, associate professor of behavioral science, University of Chicago Booth School of Business.

Expected Completion Date: mid-2021

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Deploying Social Media Data to Inform Gun Policy

This study will investigate the use of data from social media posts to measure gun-related outcomes in cities or states, and improve the data available to support rigorous gun policy research.

Grant Amount: $569,970

Organization: Georgetown University

Investigator: Lisa Singh, professor, Department of Computer Science, and research professor, Massive Data Institute, Georgetown University

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2021

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Harvard/Utah Suicide Database: Linking Data to Prevent Suicide

This project will expand and improve a database linking public health and public safety data to investigate a series of questions about the circumstances of suicide.

Grant Amount: $643,150

Organization: Harvard University

Investigator: David Hemenway, economist and director, Harvard Injury Control Research Center

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2021

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Effect of Concealed Carry Laws on Firearm Injury

This study will use hospital data to comprehensively describe the effects of changes in state concealed carry laws on gun-related deaths and injuries.

Grant Amount: $238,237

Organization: University of Michigan

Investigators: Julia Wolfson, assistant professor, Department of Health Management and Policy, University of Michigan School of Public Health; Susan Parker, MPP, MS doctoral student, Department of Health Management and Policy at the University of Michigan’s School of Public Health; and Edward Norton, professor, Department of Management and Policy and Department of Economics, University of Michigan.

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2021

Read the Project Summary »

A National Survey of Police Officer-Involved Firearm Shootings

A national survey of law enforcement agencies will determine the number of police officer-involved shootings—both shootings by officers of civilians and instances of officers being shot at—over the last 20 years, and the factors associated with these shootings.

Grant Amount: $649,869

Organization: NORC at the University of Chicago

Investigators: Bruce Taylor, senior fellow, and Weiwei Liu, senior research scientist, NORC at the University of Chicago

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2021

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Determinants of How Firearms Are Stored in Households with Children

This study will use findings from a nationally representative survey to better understand the factors and interventions that may increase the use of safe firearm storage practices and reduce the number of gun-related suicides and injuries among children.

Grant Amount: $481,261

Organization: Northeastern University

Investigators: Matthew Miller, professor of health sciences and epidemiology, Northeastern University, and co-director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center; and Debora Azrael, director of research, Harvard Injury Control Research Center

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2021

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Variability in Assaultive, Unintentional, and Self-Gunshot Injury in U.S. States and State Policy Opportunities for Prevention

This study will use a “hot-spotting” model to explore how state and county firearm mortality rates have changed over time and place, relative to implementation or repeal of state firearm policies.

Grant Amount: $707,181

Organization: University of Pennsylvania

Investigator: Douglas Wiebe, professor of epidemiology, Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology & Informatics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2021

Read the Project Summary »

Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Sandy Hook Promise Foundation’s Know the Signs Programs in the Los Angeles Unified School District

The three year study will evaluate programs designed to reduce gun violence in schools by teaching youth to recognize and report potential violence and mental health threats and by increasing social inclusion at school.

Grant Amount: $710,189

Organization: Sandy Hook Promise, University of Michigan

Investigators: Marc A. Zimmerman, Marshall H. Becker Collegiate Professor, and Justin Heinze, assistant professor, both in the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health; and Rachel Masi, research director, Sandy Hook Promise

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2022

Read the Project Summary »

Firearm-Related Mortality among Cohabitants of Handgun Owners

This study will measure the risks and benefits of having a handgun in the home for people who reside with handgun owners.

Grant Amount: $667,604

Organization: Stanford University

Investigator: David Studdert, professor of medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine; professor of law, Stanford Law School

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2021

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Estimating the Impact of Three Categories of Gun-Related Laws

Using data from 50 states over at least 48 years, this study will assess the impacts of three types of laws—background checks for gun-show sales, stand-your-ground and defense-of-habitation laws, and assault weapon restrictions—on gun homicides.

Grant Amount: $57,042

Organization: The College of William and Mary

Investigators: Carlisle Moody, professor of economics, The College of William and Mary; and Thomas B. Marvell, lawyer-sociologist

Expected Completion Date: Late 2019

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Advancing Gun Policy: Linking Multi-Source Data to Develop Micro-Longitudinal Trajectories of Domestic Violence Offenders’ Gun Use and Impact on Victims

This study will capture the daily experiences of female domestic violence victims whose partners have guns, with the aim of understanding the impact of exposure to guns used in threatening, coercive, or intimidating ways.

Grant Amount: $2,102,887

Organization: Yale University

Investigators: Tami P. Sullivan, associate professor and director, Family Violence Research, and co-director, Division of Prevention and Community Research, Yale University School of Medicine; Christopher D. Maxwell, Professor, School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University.

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2022

Read the Project Summary »

Dissertation Awards

The Effects of Culturally Competent Messaging on Willingness to Engage in Firearms Means Safety

This study investigates the impact of culturally competent messaging on gun owners’ willingness to adopt firearm safety measures, such as storing firearms securely.

Grant Amount: $25,000

Organization: University of Southern Mississippi

Doctoral Student: Sarah Butterworth, clinical psychology, University of Southern Mississippi

Expected Completion Date: Mid-2020

Read the Project Summary »

The Association Between Substance Use Disorders and Firearms Suicides in North Carolina Claims Data

This study will explore the association of both substance use disorder and long-term opioid therapy with gun suicide among Medicaid-insured North Carolinians and assess whether certain mental health diagnoses—especially depression and generalized anxiety disorder—affect this association.

Grant Award: $25,000

Organization: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Doctoral Student: Josie Caves, epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Expected Completion Date: June 30, 2020

Read the Project Summary »

Perpetration of Interpersonal Violence, Incarceration and Subsequent Risk for Firearm Suicide

This study will investigate the relationship between incarceration and subsequent firearm suicide over four decades in Washington State.

Grant Amount: $25,000

Organization: University of Washington

Doctoral Student: Erin R. Morgan, epidemiology, University of Washington

Estimated Completion Date: mid-2020

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Deadly Decisions: Policing Organizations, Use of Force Policies, and Officer-Involved Shootings

This project will assess how police agency organizational characteristics and use of force policies influence rates of officer-involved shootings.

Grant Amount: $25,000

Organization: University of California, Davis

Doctoral Student: Matthew Thompson, sociology, University of California, Davis

Expected Completion Date: mid-2020

Read the Project Summary »