National Research Collaborative Awards $7.5 Million in Grants To Study Gun Violence
Jul 30, 2020
This study will collect and analyze incident-level data on officer-involved shootings, other officer use-of-force incidents, and violence against officers, and qualitative data through document review and agency staff interviews from 30 large law enforcement agencies with high officer-involved shootings.
This study will demonstrate the feasibility of assembling a comprehensive incident-level data platform of officer-involved shootings (OIS). By identifying risk factors for officers using force and having force used against them, findings from the proposed data analyses focusing on bi-directional use-of-force will inform training and policies to reduce OISs.
This study will (1) collect incident-level data regarding 7,200 officer use-of-force (O-UOF) and violence against officers (VAO) cases, including OIS, over the past five years; (2) review documents of O-UOF and officer safety training and policies; (3) conduct qualitative interviews with command staff, and (4) conduct focus groups with patrol officers involved in recent OISs, from 30 large law enforcement agencies with high levels of OISs selected from the National Representative Survey of Police Officer-Involved Firearm Shootings, where aggregated numbers of OISs in 1,000 agencies are collected. This multi-method project will answer the following questions:
Despite ample public attention, the lack of a national database of officer use-of-force and violence against officers has forced researchers to use various, often unreliable, data to produce non-comparable and sometimes biased results, leading to uninformed policies. This study will produce higher quality data to inform training/policies to reduce OISs.