Our Grants

Neighborhood Heat Exposure and Urban Gun Violence

Overview

This study will assess whether variations in daily temperature generate different effects on gun violence risk in cities and neighborhoods that experience heat more severely.

Status

Awarded

Purpose

This project seeks to inform prevention efforts by identifying factors that influence the association between daily temperature and gun violence.

Approach

Use data on daily temperatures, social/physical environment variables, and fatal/non-fatal gun violence incidents from a large sample (n > 100) of U.S. cities, to explore the modifiers of heat effects (1) between cities and (2) within cities.

Significance

Exposure to urban heat is increasing with climate change, and disproportionately affects urban communities that experience greater social deprivation. This work will determine whether the effects of daily temperature on urban gun violence are most severe in cities and neighborhoods with the greatest heat exposure.

Investigator Bios

Dr. Jonathan Jay (mentor) is a social epidemiologist studying urban health, especially racial disparities in youth exposure to gun violence, as an assistant professor at Boston University School of Public Health. He works at the intersection of data science and community health, focusing on relationships between the built environment and health and safety risks.

Gregory Wellenius (mentor) is a professor of environmental health at the Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) and director of the new BUSPH Center for Climate and Health. He is an environmental epidemiologist committed to reducing the adverse health impacts of continued climate change through research, training, and engagement.

Grant Amount
$50,000
Award Type
Postdoctoral
Organization
Boston University School of Public Health
Investigator
Postdoctoral scholar to be confirmed.
Expected Completion Date
August 2023
Awarded
2022
Focus Areas
Urban Gun Violence